Manual:User rights

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User rights are specific access and ability permissions that can be assigned to customizable user groups. Groups can then be assigned to (or removed from) users through the Special:Userrights Special page. See Help:Assigning permissions.

Access to this interface is itself governed by the 'userrights' right, so only users in the 'bureaucrat' group can do it (in a default set-up). See Manual:Setting user groups in MediaWiki for information about managing and the assignment of user groups.

This Special:UserRights interface was introduced in MediaWiki 1.5; see Manual:User rights (older versions) for earlier methods.

Changing group permissions[edit | edit source]

A default MediaWiki installation assigns certain rights to default groups (see below). You can change the default rights by editing the $wgGroupPermissions array in LocalSettings.php with the syntax

$wgGroupPermissions['group']['right'] = true /* or false */;

(Note: by default install $wgGroupPermissions is not present and you will need to add it into the file)

If a member has multiple groups, they get the highest permission of any groups. All users, including anonymous users, are in the '*' group; all registered users are in the 'user' group. In addition to the default groups, you can arbitrarily create new groups using the same array.

Examples[edit | edit source]

This example will disable viewing of all pages not listed in $wgWhitelistRead, then re-enable for registered users only:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read']    = false;
# The following line is not actually necessary, since it's in the defaults. Setting
# '*' to false doesn't disable rights for groups that have the right separately set
# to true!
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['read'] = true;

This example will disable editing of all pages, then re-enable for users with confirmed e-mail addresses only:

# Disable for everyone.
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit']              = false;
# Disable for users, too: by default 'user' is allowed to edit, even if '*' is not.
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit']           = false;
# Make it so users with confirmed e-mail addresses are in the group.
$wgAutopromote['emailconfirmed'] = APCOND_EMAILCONFIRMED;
# Hide group from user list. 
$wgImplicitGroups[] = 'emailconfirmed';
# Finally, set it to true for the desired group.
$wgGroupPermissions['emailconfirmed']['edit'] = true;

This example will create an arbitrary "ninja" group that can block users and delete pages, and whose edits are hidden by default in the recent changes log:

$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['bot']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['block']  = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['delete'] = true;
Note: the name cannot contain spaces, so use 'random-user' or 'random_user' instead of 'random user'

In this example, you would probably also want to create pages:

  • MediaWiki:Group-ninja (content: Ninjas)
  • MediaWiki:Group-ninja-member (content: ninja)
  • MediaWiki:Grouppage-ninja (content: Project:Ninjas)

This will insure that the group will be referred to as "Ninjas" throughout the interface, and a member will be referred to as a "ninja", and overviews will link the groupname to Project:Ninjas.

This example will eliminate the bureaucrat group entirely. It is necessary to ensure that all six of these variables are unset for any group that one wishes to remove from being listed at Special:UserGroupRights; however, merely unsetting $wgGroupPermissions will suffice to remove it from Special:UserRights. This code should be placed after any require_once lines that add extensions such as Extension:Renameuser containing code that gives bureaucrats group permissions by default.

unset( $wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgRevokePermissions['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgAddGroups['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgRemoveGroups['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgGroupsAddToSelf['bureaucrat'] );
unset( $wgGroupsRemoveFromSelf['bureaucrat'] );

This example disables write access (page editing and creation) by default, creates a group named "Write", and grants it write access. Users can be manually added to this group via Special:UserRights:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createpage'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['createpage'] = false;
$wgGroupPermissions['Write']['edit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['Write']['createpage'] = true;

List of permissions[edit | edit source]

The following user rights are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version, look at "Special:Version" on your wiki and see if your version is covered in the "versions" column.

Right Description Versions
read allows viewing pages (when set to false, override for specific pages with $wgWhitelistRead).
Warning Warning: Setting the user right "read" (allow viewing pages) to false will only protect wiki (article, talk, ...) pages, but uploaded files (images, files, docs... in the $wgUploadPath subdirectories) will always remain readable via direct access by default.
Use the information from Manual:Image Authorisation and img_auth.php pages when you have the need to restrict image views and file download access to only logged-in users.
edit allows editing unprotected pages. 1.5+
createpage allows the creation of new pages (requires the edit right). 1.6+
createtalk allows the creation of new talk pages (requires the edit right). 1.6+
move allows renaming the titles of unprotected pages (requires the edit right). 1.5+
movefile allows renaming pages in the "File" namespace (requires the move right and $wgAllowImageMoving to be true). 1.14+
move-subpages move subpages along with page (requires the move right). 1.13+
move-rootuserpages can move root pages in the "User" namespace (requires the move right). 1.14+
createaccount allows the creation of new user accounts. 1.5+
upload allows the creation of new images and files (requires the edit right). 1.5+
reupload allows overwriting existing images and files (requires the upload right). 1.6+
reupload-own allows overwriting existing images and files uploaded by oneself (requires the upload right). 1.11+
reupload-shared allows replacing images and files from a shared repository (if one is set up) with local files (requires the upload right). 1.6+
upload_by_url allows uploading by entering the URL of an external image (requires the upload right). 1.8+
editprotected allows to edit protected pages (without cascading protection). 1.13+
editsemiprotected allows to edit semiprotected pages (without cascading protection). 1.22+
delete 1.5–1.11: allows the deletion or undeletion of pages.
1.12+: allows the deletion of pages. For undeletions, there is now the 'undelete' right, see below.
bigdelete allows deletion of pages with larger than $wgDeleteRevisionsLimit revisions 1.12+
deletedhistory allows viewing deleted history entries, but not seeing or restoring revisions 1.6+
deletedtext allows viewing deleted revisions, but not restoring.
undelete allows the undeletion of pages. 1.12+
browsearchive allows prefix searching for titles of deleted pages through Special:Undelete. 1.13+
mergehistory allows access to Special:MergeHistory, to merge non-overlapping pages.
Note: the right is not assigned to a user group by default, including on Wikimedia projects.
protect allows locking a page to prevent edits and moves, and editing or moving locked pages. 1.5+
block allows the blocking of IP addresses, CIDR ranges, and registered users. Block options include preventing editing and registering new accounts, and autoblocking other users on the same IP address. 1.5+
blockemail allows preventing use of the Special:Emailuser interface when blocking. 1.11+
hideuser allows hiding the user/IP from the block log, active block list, and user list when blocking. (not available by default) 1.10+
unblockself allows a user to use the block interface to unblock themselves. Without it an administrator that has the capability to block cannot unblock themselves if blocked by another administrator. 1.17+
userrights allows the use of the user rights interface, which allows the assignment or removal of all* groups to any user.
* With $wgAddGroups and $wgRemoveGroups you can set the possibility to add/remove certain groups instead of all.
userrights-interwiki allows changing user rights on other wikis. 1.12+
rollback allows one-click reversion of edits. 1.5+
markbotedits allows rollback to be marked as bot edits (see Manual:Administrators#Rollback). 1.12+
patrol allows marking edits as legitimate ($wgUseRCPatrol must be true). 1.5+
patrolmarks allows anons to see what was patrolled 1.16+
editinterface allows editing the MediaWiki namespace, which contains interface messages. 1.5+
editusercssjs allows editing *.css / *.js subpages of any user. Split into editusercss and edituserjs in 1.16 and deprecated, but retained for backward compatibility. 1.12+
editusercss allows editing *.css subpages of any user. 1.16+
edituserjs allows editing *.js subpages of any user. 1.16+
editmyusercss controls whether a user may edit their own CSS subpages. 1.22+
editmyuserjs controls whether a user may edit their own JS subpages. 1.22+
editmywatchlist controls whether a user may edit their watchlist. 1.22+
viewmywatchlist controls whether a user may view their watchlist. 1.22+
editmyprivateinfo controls whether a user may change their private information. 1.22+
viewmyprivateinfo controls whether a user may access their private information. 1.22+
editmyoptions controls whether a user may change their preferences. 1.22+
suppressrevision allows preventing deleted revision information from being viewed by sysops and prevents sysops from undeleting the hidden info. Prior to 1.13 this right was named hiderevision (not available by default) 1.6+
deletelogentry allows deleting/undeleting information (action text, summary, user who made the action) of specific log entries (not available by default) 1.20+
deleterevision allows deleting/undeleting information (revision text, edit summary, user who made the edit) of specific revisions. Split into deleterevision and deletelogentry in 1.20 (not available by default) 1.6+
siteadmin allows locking and unlocking the database (which blocks all interactions with the web site except viewing). Deprecated by default. 1.5+
import allows user to import one page per time from another wiki ("transwiki"). 1.5+
importupload allows user to import several pages per time from XML files. This right was called 'importraw' in and before version 1.5. 1.5+
trackback Obsolete. Allows removal of trackbacks (if $wgUseTrackbacks is true) 1.7 - 1.18
unwatchedpages allows access to Special:Unwatchedpages, which lists pages that no user has watchlisted. 1.6+
bot hides edits from recent changes lists and watchlists by default (can optionally be viewed). 1.5+
purge allows purging a page without a confirmation step (URL parameter "&action=purge"). 1.10+
minoredit allows marking an edit as 'minor'. 1.6+
nominornewtalk blocks new message notification when making minor edits to user talk pages (requires minor edit right). 1.9+
noratelimit not affected by rate limits (prior to the introduction of this right, the configuration variable $wgRateLimitsExcludedGroups was used for this purpose) 1.13+
ipblock-exempt makes user immune to blocks applied to his IP address or a range (CIDR) containing it. 1.9+
proxyunbannable makes user immune to the open proxy blocker, which is disabled by default ($wgBlockOpenProxies). 1.7+
autopatrol automatically marks all edits by the user as patrolled ($wgUseRCPatrol must be true). 1.9+
apihighlimits allows user to use higher limits for API queries 1.12+
writeapi controls access to the write API ($wgEnableWriteAPI must be true) 1.13+
suppressredirect Allows moving a page without automatically creating a redirect. 1.12+
autoconfirmed used for the 'autoconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information. 1.6+
emailconfirmed Obsolete. Was used for the 'emailconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information. 1.7 - 1.13
Although these permissions all control separate things, sometimes to perform certain actions you need multiple permissions. For example allowing people to edit but not read pages doesn't make sense, since in order to edit a page you must first be able to read it (Assuming no pages are whitelisted). Allowing uploads but not editing does not make sense since in order to upload an image you must implicitly create an image description page, etc.

List of groups[edit | edit source]

The following groups are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version then some of these may not be implemented.

Group Description Versions
* all users (including anonymous). 1.5+
user registered accounts. 1.5+
autoconfirmed registered accounts at least as old as $wgAutoConfirmAge and having at least as many edits as $wgAutoConfirmCount. 1.6+
emailconfirmed registered accounts with confirmed email addresses. 1.7 - 1.13
bot accounts with the bot right (intended for automated scripts). 1.5+
sysop users who by default can delete and restore pages, block and unblock users, et cetera. 1.5+
bureaucrat users who by default can change other users' rights. 1.5+
developer A group for the 'siteadmin' right. The group is deprecated by default, as well as the right. 1.5

From MW 1.12, you can create your own groups into which users are automatically promoted (as with autoconfirmed and emailconfirmed) using $wgAutopromote. You can even create any custom group by just assigning rights to them.

Default rights[edit | edit source]

The default rights are defined in DefaultSettings.php.

  • Default values in HEAD version: [1]
  • Default values in MediaWiki latest stable version 1.22.0:
 * Permission keys given to users in each group.
 * This is an array where the keys are all groups and each value is an
 * array of the format (right => boolean).
 * The second format is used to support per-namespace permissions.
 * Note that this feature does not fully work for all permission types.
 * All users are implicitly in the '*' group including anonymous visitors;
 * logged-in users are all implicitly in the 'user' group. These will be
 * combined with the permissions of all groups that a given user is listed
 * in in the user_groups table.
 * Note: Don't set $wgGroupPermissions = array(); unless you know what you're
 * doing! This will wipe all permissions, and may mean that your users are
 * unable to perform certain essential tasks or access new functionality
 * when new permissions are introduced and default grants established.
 * Functionality to make pages inaccessible has not been extensively tested
 * for security. Use at your own risk!
 * This replaces $wgWhitelistAccount and $wgWhitelistEdit
$wgGroupPermissions = array();
/** @cond file_level_code */
// Implicit group for all visitors
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createaccount'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createpage'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['createtalk'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['writeapi'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['editmyusercss'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['editmyuserjs'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['viewmywatchlist'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['editmywatchlist'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['viewmyprivateinfo'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['editmyprivateinfo'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['editmyoptions'] = true;
#$wgGroupPermissions['*']['patrolmarks'] = false; // let anons see what was patrolled

// Implicit group for all logged-in accounts
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['move'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['move-subpages'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['move-rootuserpages'] = true; // can move root userpages
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['movefile'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['read'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['createpage'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['createtalk'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['writeapi'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['upload'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['reupload'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['reupload-shared'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['minoredit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['purge'] = true; // can use ?action=purge without clicking "ok"
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['sendemail'] = true;
// Implicit group for accounts that pass $wgAutoConfirmAge
$wgGroupPermissions['autoconfirmed']['autoconfirmed'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['autoconfirmed']['editsemiprotected'] = true;
// Users with bot privilege can have their edits hidden
// from various log pages by default
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['bot'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['autoconfirmed'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['editsemiprotected'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['nominornewtalk'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['autopatrol'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['suppressredirect'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['apihighlimits'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot']['writeapi'] = true;
// Most extra permission abilities go to this group
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['block'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['createaccount'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['delete'] = true;
// can be separately configured for pages with > $wgDeleteRevisionsLimit revs
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['bigdelete'] = true;
// can view deleted history entries, but not see or restore the text
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deletedhistory'] = true;
// can view deleted revision text
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deletedtext'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['undelete'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editinterface'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editusercss'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['edituserjs'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['import'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['importupload'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['move'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['move-subpages'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['move-rootuserpages'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['patrol'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['autopatrol'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['protect'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editprotected'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['proxyunbannable'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['rollback'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['upload'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['reupload'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['reupload-shared'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['unwatchedpages'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['autoconfirmed'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editsemiprotected'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['ipblock-exempt'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['blockemail'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['markbotedits'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['apihighlimits'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['browsearchive'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['noratelimit'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['movefile'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['unblockself'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['suppressredirect'] = true;
#$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['upload_by_url'] = true;
#$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['mergehistory'] = true;

// Permission to change users' group assignments
$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['userrights'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['noratelimit'] = true;
// Permission to change users' groups assignments across wikis
#$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['userrights-interwiki'] = true;
// Permission to export pages including linked pages regardless of $wgExportMaxLinkDepth
#$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['override-export-depth'] = true;

#$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deletelogentry'] = true;
#$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deleterevision'] = true;
// To hide usernames from users and Sysops
#$wgGroupPermissions['suppress']['hideuser'] = true;
// To hide revisions/log items from users and Sysops
#$wgGroupPermissions['suppress']['suppressrevision'] = true;
// For private suppression log access
#$wgGroupPermissions['suppress']['suppressionlog'] = true;

 * The developer group is deprecated, but can be activated if need be
 * to use the 'lockdb' and 'unlockdb' special pages. Those require
 * that a lock file be defined and creatable/removable by the web
 * server.
# $wgGroupPermissions['developer']['siteadmin'] = true;

/** @endcond */

See also[edit | edit source]

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